When Andre BreJon released his Manifesto o f Surrealism in 1924, he established the pursuit of psychic automatism as Surrealism’s principle objective, and a debate concerning the legitimacy or possibility of Surrealist visual art ensued. In response to this skepticism, Max Ernst embraced automatism and developed a new technique, which he called frottage , in an attempt to satisfy Breton’s call for automatic activity, and in 1926, a collection of thirty-four frottages was published under the title Histoire Naturelle. Tobias Percival zur Loye    2010